Facts

Prevalence of Drunken Driving

  • In 2009, there were 10,839 fatalities in crashes involving a driver with a BAC of .08 or higher, accounting for 32 percent of total traffic fatalities for the year.1
  • The 10,839 fatalities in alcohol-impaired driving crashes in 2009 represent an average of one alcohol-impaired driving fatality every 48 minutes.1
  • In 2009, a total of 1,314 children age 14 and younger were killed in motor vehicle crashes. Of those, 1,314 fatalities, 181 (14%) occurred in alcohol-impaired driving crashes.1

High Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)

  • Of the 10,839 people who died in alcohol-impaired crashes in 2009, 7,281 (67%) were drivers with a BAC of .08 or higher. The remaining fatalities consisted of 2,891 (27%) motor vehicle occupants and 667 (6%) non-occupants.1
  • Another 27 children age 14 and younger who were killed in traffic crashes in 2008 were pedestrians or pedalcyclists who were struck by drivers with a BAC of .08 or higher.1
  • In 2009, 84 percent (10,102) of the 12,012 drivers with a BAC of .01 or higher who were involved in fatal crashes had BAC levels at or above .08, and 56 percent (6,685) had BAC levels at or above .15. The most frequently recorded BAC level among drinking drivers in fatal crashes was 0.17.1

Hardcore Drunken Drivers

  • In fatal crashes in 2009 the highest percentage of drivers with a BAC level of .08 or higher was for drivers ages 21 to 24 (35%), followed by ages 25 to 34 (32%) and 35 to 44 (26%).1
  • Drivers with a BAC of .08 or higher involved in fatal crashes were eight times more likely to have a prior conviction for driving while impaired (DWI) than were drivers with no alcohol (8% and 1% respectively).1
  • About one-third of all drivers arrested or convicted of driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence of alcohol are repeat offenders.2
  • The risk of a driver who has one or more DWI convictions becoming involved in a fatal crash is about 1.4 times the risk of a driver with no DWI conviction. 3

DUI Arrests

  • Over 1.43 million drivers were arrested in 2007 for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. This is an arrest rate of 1 for every 144 licensed drivers in the United States.4
  • Only 17 percent of impaired drivers who are injured in crashes are charged and convicted. Eleven percent are charged and not convicted and 72 percent are never charged.5
  • A 2010 AAA poll measuring the Traffic Safety Culture of Americans, found that almost 80% strongly supported requiring drivers who have been convicted of DWI at least once, to use equipment that tests them for alcohol, i.e. an ignition interlock device. Also, 87% of the respondents in the poll felt that drunk driving is a serious threat to their personal safety.6

Social Costs of Drunken Driving

Alcohol-related crashes in the United States cost the public an estimated $114.3 billion in 2000, including $51.1 billion in monetary costs and an estimated $63.2 billion in quality of life losses. People other than the drinking driver paid $71.6 billion of the alcohol-related crash bill, which is 63 percent of the total cost of these crashes.7

Drugged Driving

  • According to the latest National Roadside Survey from NHTSA in 2007, more than one in seven weekend, nighttime drivers tested positive for illegal, prescription, or over-the-counter medication. More than one in ten tested positive for illicit drugs.8
  • The most common drugs found in nighttime drivers that tested positive for an illegal drug, were Marijuana, Cocaine and Methamphetamine. 8
  • The 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that an estimated 10 million people ages 12 and older reported to driving under the influence of illicit drugs at least once during the prior year. The rate was the highest among young adults ages 18-25.9
  • Among those 12 and older, males (16%) were nearly twice as likely as females (9%) to drive under the influence of an illicit drug or alcohol in the past year.9

 
Works Cited

  1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. “Traffic Safety Facts 2009: Alcohol-Impaired Driving.” DOT 811 385. Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2010. http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811385.pdf
  2. Fell, Jim.”Repeat DWI Offenders in the United States.” Washington, DC: National Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Traffic Tech No. 85, February 1995. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/outreach/traftech/1995/TT085.htm
  3. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. “Repeat DWI Offenders Are an Elusive Target.” Washington, DC: National Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Traffic Tech No. 217, March 2000. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/outreach/traftech/pub/tt217.html
  4. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. “Traffic Safety Facts 2008: Overview.” DOT 810 809. Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2008. http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811162.PDF
  5. Copeland, Kenneth. “The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicles 2000.” May 2002 presentation.
  6. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. “2010 Traffic Safety Culture Index” Washington DC: AAA Foundation, October 2010. http://www.aaafoundation.org/pdf/2010TSCIndexFinalReport.pdf
  7. Taylor, Dexter; Miller, Ted; and Cox, Kenya. “Impaired Driving in the United States Cost Fact Sheets.” Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2002. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/alcohol/impaired_driving_pg2/US.htm
  8. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. “Results of the 2007 National Roadside Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers” DOT 811 175. Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2009.
  9. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). “NIDA InfoFacts: Drugged Driving. October 2009. http://drugabuse.gov/PDF/Infofacts/driving.pdf