Hardcore Drunken Drivers
Hardcore Drunken Drivers (HCDDs) are people who have one or more previous drunken driving offense and/or have a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of 0.15 mg/dL or more when stopped. These drivers are estimated to be 380 times more likely to be involved in a fatal motor vehicle crash than a driver who has not been drinking (Zador, Krawchuk, & Voas, 2000).
Hardcore Drunken Drivers:
- Continually drive drunk
- Contribute to 58% of all alcohol-related fatalities
- Often suffer from alcohol problems requiring specific treatment
- Include people who consider such behavior (frequently driving drunk) to be normal
According to the National Transportation Safety Board, the chance of arresting DWI offenders with an illegal BAC is so small that only about one arrest is made for every 88 trips. These offenders are typically male, but females are not immune to impaired driving. Among fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, about one-third of males and almost 1 out of every 5 females have BAC levels at or above 0.15 percent (NHTSA, 2009).
Characteristics of Hardcore Drunk Drivers:
- Generally have high BAC levels in excess of 0.15 percent
- Usually have one or more prior impaired-driving convictions
- Are familiar with loopholes in DWI system allowing them to circumvent detection and conviction
- Often meet clinical diagnosis for alcohol dependence or abuse and are resistant to behavior change
- Tend to respond less to impaired-driving laws or enforcement than moderate or occasional drinkers
- Are usually male, aged 25-45, often unmarried and tend to be high school educated or less
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2009). Traffic safety facts 2008: Alcohol- Impaired Driving. Washington, DC.
Zador, P. L., Krawchuk, S. A., & Voas, R. B. (2000). Alcohol-related relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal crashes in relation to driver age and gender: An update using 1996 data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 387â€“395.